The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics is a peer-reviewed, open access journal published online (ISSN 2166-5087), aimed at the promotion of scholarship across disciplines, as well as expanding the reach and understanding of the neurosciences and implications in the legal, social and ethical realms. It is our policy to never charge readers to access the journal or authors to publish scholarship in it.

The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics is committed to presenting wide-ranging discussions. We publish works that explore ideas, concepts, theories and their implications across multiple disciplines and professions, including philosophy, psychology, linguistics, education, social work, law, the neuro-, bio-, medical and pharmaceutical sciences. We are interested in works that offer critical analyses of relevant issues as well as those that explore the political, social, moral and legal implications of recent work in these fields.

Publishing the journal online means we are able to offer open access to its contents to scholars at any level, anywhere in the world where there is internet connection. Online publication will also shorten the time from submission to publication. For additional information about the JCN, please see the Submissions information and Style Guide below.


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Paul Carron
Baylor University

Keywords: Moral Sentimentalism, Impartial Spectator, Frans de Waal, Primatology, Planet of the Apes
Citation: . "Apes with a Moral Code? Primatology, Moral Sentimentalism, and the Evolution of Morality in The Planet of the Apes." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 1–26.

Susan Castro
Wichita State University

Keywords: Episodic Foresight, Constructivism, Thought Experiment, Pheromones
Citation: . "Simulating the Informational Substance of Human Reality in Queen City Jazz." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 27–65.

Brandon Fenton
York University

Keywords: Neuroethics, Existentialism, Subjectivity, Greg Egan, Neuroessentialism, Sisyphus, Agency
Citation: . "Towards an Existentialist Neuroethics." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 67–86.

Joshua Mugg
Indiana University Kokomo

Keywords: Dual-Process Theory, Two-System Theory, Two-Mind Theory, Cognitive Architecture, Human Reasoning
Citation: . "Two Minded Creatures and Dual-Process Theory." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 87–112.

Meghan K. Riley
University of Waterloo

Keywords: Ethics, Coercion, Consent, Rape, Cognition, Kant, Bioethics, Science Fiction, Octavia E. Butler
Citation: . ""Your Body Has Made a Different Choice": Cognition, Coercion, and the Ethics of Consent in Octavia E. Butler’s Lilith’s Brood and Fledgling." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 113–137.

Brendan Shea
Rochester Community and Technical College

Keywords: Evolutionary Ethics, Machine Ethics, Moral Cognition, Moral Enhancement, Neuroethics, Science Fiction
Citation: . "Evolution and Neuroethics in the Hyperion Cantos." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (3): 139–162.

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Greg Janzen
Osgoode Hall Law School

Keywords: Principle of Alternate Possibilities, Free Will, Moral Responsibility, Harry Frankfurt, Frankfurt Cases, Compatibilism, David Widerker
Citation: . "Rescuing PAP from Widerker’s Brain-Malfunction Case." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (2): 1–22.

Yakir Levin
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Itzhak Aharon
Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya

Keywords: Reverse Inference, Mind-brain Identity, Multiple Realization, Degeneracy, Pleiotropy
Citation: . "Reverse Inference and Mind-Brain Identity." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (2): 23–45.

Matthew Phillip Mead
University of Michigan Medical School

Keywords: Dead Donor Rule, Death, Definition/Determination of Death, Donation/Procurement of Organs/Tissues, Vital Organ Donation
Citation: . "Informed Consent in Organ Donation and Abandonment of the Dead-Donor Rule." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (2): 47–56.

Eran Shifferman
Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, Tel Aviv University

Keywords: Neuroimaging, Ethics, Cognitive Neuroscience, Reductionism, Evolution, Philosophy of biology, fMRI, BOLD, Essentialism, Public Understanding of Science, Representation, Aesthetics
Citation: . "More Than Meets the fMRI: The Unethical Apotheosis of Neuroimages." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (2): 57–116.

John Jung Park
Christopher Newport University

Keywords: Moral Concepts, Concepts, Mental Representations, Theory-Theory, Prototype Theory, Moral Cognition, Empirical Moral Psychology, Cognitive Science
Citation: . "The Theory-Theory of Moral Concepts." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (2): 117–138.

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Macksood Aftab
Harvard Extension

Keywords: Dualism, Free Will, Islam, Ghazali, Ibn Sina, Iqbal, Dennett, Soul
Citation: . "Is Islam Committed to Dualism in the Context of the Problem of Free Will?Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 1–12.

James Beauregard
Rivier University

Keywords: Free will, personalism, Juan Manuel Burgos, John Macmurray, neuroscience, neuroethics
Citation: . "Neuroscience and Free Will: Insights From the Thought of Juan Manuel BurgosJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 13–37.

Maria Brincker
University of Massachusetts Boston

Keywords: Free will, determinism, compatibilism, naturalism, evolution, Dennett, causality, emergence, time, appearance-reality, process philosophy, action, choice, autonomy, self, metaphysics
Citation: . "Evolution Beyond Determinism: On Dennett’s Compatibilism and the Too Timeless Free Will DebateJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 39–74.

Matthew Butkus
McNeese State University

Keywords: Cognitive psychology, neuroscience, medical ethics, autonomy, heuristics, backstage cognition, decision-making
Citation: . "Free Will and Autonomous Medical Decision-MakingJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 75–119.

Zac Cogley
Northern Michigan University

Keywords: Libertarianism, Luck, Peter van Inwagen, free will, Robert Kane
Citation: . "Rolling Back the Luck Problem for LibertarianismJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 121–137.

Yishai Cohen
Syracuse University

Keywords: Helen Steward, determinism, compatibilism, incompatibilism, libertarianism, settling, agency, intention
Citation: . "Agential Settling Requires a Conscious IntentionJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 139–155.

Edina Eszenyi
University of Kent

Keywords: Angelology, Demonology, Catholic reform, Vincenzo Cicogna
Citation: . "Lessons from AngelologyJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 157–173.

Catherine Gee
University of Waterloo

Keywords: Free will, determinism, compatibilism, anorexia nervosa
Citation: . "Exploring the Status of Free Will in a Deterministic World: A Case StudyJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 175–194.

Marcela Herdova
Florida State University

Keywords: Addiction, control, irresistible desires, moral responsibility
Citation: . "Simply Irresistible: Addiction, Responsibility, and Irresistible DesiresJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 195–216.

Fernando Huesca Ramon
Meritorious Autonomous University of Puebla (BUAP)
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)

Keywords: Freedom, will, idealism, executive function, causality
Citation: . "Hegel’s Concept of the Free Will: Towards a Redefinition of an Old QuestionJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 309–325.

Derek Jones
University of Evansville

Keywords: Adaptivity, agency, autonomy, autopoiesis, compatibilism, complex systems, Dennett, Jonas, Kant, Lorenz, process biology
Citation: . "Agency through Autonomy: Self-Producing Systems and the Prospect of Bio-CompatibilismJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 217–228.

Ryan Lake
Clemson University

Keywords: Free will, moral responsibility, compatibilism, incompatibilism, criminal justice
Citation: . "The Limits of a Pragmatic Justification of Praise and BlameJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 229–249.

John Lemos
Coe College

Keywords: Free will, Responsibility, Libertarianism, Kant
Citation: . "A Kantian Defense of Libertarian BlameJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 251–263.

Janet Levin
University of Southern California

Keywords: Libet, free will, conscious experience, moral responsibility
Citation: . "Libet, Free Will, and Conscious AwarenessJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 265–280.

J. Neil Otte
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Keywords: Free will, experimental philosophy, compatibalism, incompatibilism, moral cognition, Robert Kane
Citation: . "Experimental Philosophy, Robert Kane, and the Concept of Free WillJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 281–296.

Jacob Quick
Northern Illinois University

Keywords: Agent-causastion, self-deception, introspection, epistemic privilege, psychology, Campbell, acting agent, external observer
Citation: . "The Illusion of Freedom: Agent-Causation and Self-DeceptionJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 297–308.

Christian D. Schade
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Keywords: Parallel realities, free will, consciousness, many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, time, decision making
Citation: . "Collecting Evidence for the Permanent Coexistence of Parallel Realities: An Interdisciplinary ApproachJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 327–362.

Jay Spitzley
Georgia State University

Keywords: Intuition, moral judgment, order effects, moral responsibility, Derk Pereboom, manipulation
Citation: . "The Importance of Correctly Explaining Intuitions: Why Pereboom’s Four-Case Manipulation Argument is ManipulativeJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 363–382.

Adam P. Taylor
North Dakota State University

David B. Hershenov
University at Buffalo

Keywords: Free Will, Animalism, Personal Identity, Materialism
Citation: . "Identity and FreedomJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 383–391.

Kadri Vihvelin
University of Southern California

Keywords: Free will, determinism, fatalism, intuitions, thought experiments, Frankfurt examples, Manipulation argument
Citation: . "How Not To Think about Free WillJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (1): 393–403.
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Brandon Gillette

Keywords: Moral psychology, akrasia, weakness of will, cognitive bias, heuristic, addiction, cognitive bias modification treatment, normative judgment, irrationality, synchronic irrationality
Citation: . "Cognitive Bias Modification as a Remedy for Weakness of WillJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (2): 1–29.

Matthew E. Johnson
Institute for Christian Studies

Keywords: Hermeneutics, Gadamer, emergence, free will, personhood, mind, dependence, autonomy
Citation: . "Strong Emergence and Mental Causation in Gadamer’s Truth and MethodJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (2): 31–50.

Chiji Ogbuka
University of Maryland University College

Keywords: Neuro-imaging incidental findings (NIFs), serious, brain imaging research, Richardson, informed consent, autonomy, beneficence
Citation: . "Managing Serious Incidental Findings in Brain-Imaging Research: When Consent for Disclosure is DeclinedJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (2): 51–59.

Joseph M. Vukov
Fordham University

Keywords: Moral responsibility; neuroscience; incompatibilism; Libet; conscious control
Citation: . "Is Neuroscience Relevant to Our Moral Responsibility Practices?Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (2): 61–82.

James Beauregard
Rivier University

Citation: . "Review of Neuroethics in Practice: Medicine, Mind, and SocietyJournal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (2): 83–87.

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Graham Schuster
University of Georgia

Keywords: Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, Hegel, metaphysics, epistemology, reason, reasoning, antinomy, concept, idealism, contradiction, time, cosmology, unconditioned, conditioned, appearance
Citation: . "Is Reason Contradictory When Applied to Metaphysical Questions?Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 1–11.

Andrew Koehl
Roberts Wesleyan College

Keywords: Epistemology, implicitly grounded beliefs, intuition, experts, W.T. Stace, warrant, justification, internalism, externalism, aretaism, special access, perspectivally basic beliefs
Citation: . "Implicitly Grounded Beliefs." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 13–36.

Nick Ergodos

Keywords: Bayesianism, decision theory, expectation, expected utility, expected value, fair game, measurement problem, probability interpretation, St Petersburg paradox, two-envelope problem
Citation: . "The Enigma Of Probability." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 37–71.

Joshua Stein
New York University

Keywords: Representation, mental content, vector space, reasoning, social cognition, embodiment, extended mind, comparative psychology
Citation: . "The View from Vector Space: An Account of Conceptual Geography." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 73–93.

Daniel Bloom
West Texas A&M University

Keywords: Plato, Inquiry, Ignorance, Nous, Reason, Dianoia, hypothesis, self-reflexivity, self-awareness, Meno, Apology
Citation: . "The Self-Awareness of Reason in Plato." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 95–103.

Barry Saferstein
California State University San Marcos

Keywords: Reasoning, understanding, professional culture, coherence based reasoning, mental models, modus tollens, process narratives, grey boxes, patient-practitioner interaction, Mendelian genetics
Citation: . "Reasoning with and without Reasons: The Effects of Professional Culture and Information Access in Educational and Clinical Settings." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 105–125.

Mark Herman
Bowling Green State University

Keywords: Moral Heuristics, Moral Biases, Heuristics, Biases, Moral Cognition, Metaethics, Moral Rationality, Philosophy, Moral Psychology, Implicit Bias
Citation: . "Moral Heuristics and Biases." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 127–142.

Ibanga B. Ikpe
University of Botswana

Keywords: Military Decision making Process (MDMP), Critical Thinking, autonomous reasoning, military obedience
Citation: . "Reasoning and the Military Decision Making Process." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 143–160.

Catherine Gee
University of Waterloo

Keywords: Consequentialism, deontology, moral judgments, emotion, cognition, ventromedial prefrontal cortex
Citation: . "The Role of Emotional Intuitions in Moral Judgments and Decisions." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 161–171.

Ian Werkheiser
Michigan State University

Keywords: Ignorance, Epistemic Violence, Epistemic Justice, Epistemic Silencing, Justification, Reason-giving, Contextualism, Social Epistemology, Externalism
Citation: . "Asking for Reasons as a Weapon: Epistemic Justification and the Loss of Knowledge." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 173–190.

Brent Kious
University of Utah

Keywords: Kant, rationality, mind control, contractualism
Citation: . "Brain Rays, Advertising, and Fancy Suits: The Ethics of Mind Control." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 191–210.

Fernando Huesca Ramón
Meritorious Autonomous University of Puebla (BUAP)
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)

Keywords: Personality, subjectivity, Neuroscience, free will, freedom
Citation: . "Philosophy and Neurobiology: towards a Hegelian Contribution on the Question of the Juridical Status of the Human Embryo." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1): 211–220.
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Individual Articles

Samuel R. Fullhart
Seattle Pacific University

Keywords: Moral Psychology, Nativism, Moral/Conventional Distinction
Citation:  . "Distinguishing Morality from Convention: Evidence for Nativism." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 1 (1): 1–37.

Yakir Levin
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Arnon Cahen
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Izhak Aharon
The Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Keywords: Aumann, Rationalistic Economics, Behavioral Economics, Neuroeconomics, practical rationality, act rationality, rule rationality, naturalized rationality, intentional agency, Evolutionary Psychology, Human Behavioral Ecology
Citation: , and . "Naturalized Rationality, Evolutionary Psychology and Economic Theory." Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 1 (1): 39–72.

Call for papers

We welcome submissions on all topics relevant to Cognition and Neuroethics.

Articles should not exceed 20,000 words including footnotes and bibliography.

Dialogues provides a forum for the discussion of issues in Cognition and Neuroethics. We welcome authors working together and creating productive conversations to share those discussions here. Submissions for this section should be 4000 words or less.

Analysis offers an opportunity for short analyses (3000 words or less) of specific healthcare policy issues, acts of legislation (either already existing or proposed), court decisions, or other contemporary developments relevant to Cognition and Neuroethics.

Book Reviews
We encourage book review submissions on (relatively) recently published books that address cognition and neuroethics topics, broadly understood. For further information, please contact the JCN editor, Jami L. Anderson, at anderson@cognethic.org.


The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics invites submissions that are not currently under consideration or published elsewhere, either in print or in electronic format. The JCN, at this time, can only accept completed work; the editors cannot offer feedback on work in progress. We neither encourage nor discourage potential authors to cite previously published works from the JCN in their submissions. We are especially interested in examining productive questions and controversies concerning cognition and neuroethics issues widely understood. The JCN is an anonymous peer-reviewed journal. In order for a manuscript to be considered for publication, the JCN requires the following:

(1) An electronic copy of the manuscript with the author's name on the title page only and no identifying information of authorship within the manuscript should be sent to anderson@cognethic.org. Send the file as a Word document;

(2) An accompanying abstract of approximately 200 words and a list of keywords; and,

(3) A cover letter containing contact information, including a mailing and an e-mail address.

Style guide

All submissions must comply with the CCN publications Style Guide.


Advisory Board

The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics is continuing to build its advisory board. The grey role of the advisory board is to assist our editorial team through providing feedback on current and past issues, recommending reviewers, and/or topics for special issues and promoting the journal, when possible, at conferences and with colleagues.

Charles E. M. Dunlop
David M. French Professor Emeritus and
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy
University of Michigan-Flint

Chris Haufe
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Case Western Reserve University

Bernard Kobes
Associate Professor of Philosophy
Arizona State University

Janet M. Levin
Associate Professor of Philosophy
University of Southern California

Elizabeth Schechter
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Washington University in St. Louis


Managing Editor

Jami L Anderson
Associate Professor
University of Michigan-Flint

Review Editor

Simon Cushing
Associate Professor
University of Michigan-Flint

Associate Editors

Jawad Shah, M.D.
Insight Institute of Neurosurgery and Neuroscience

Bénédicte Veillet
Assistant Professor
University of Michigan-Flint

Stevens F Wandmacher
University of Michigan-Flint

Production Editor

Zea Miller
Doctoral Student
Purdue University


The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics does not charge for the following:

  • Authors to republish or replicate all or parts of their own work in either a non-profit or a for-profit venue. Authors are required to acknowledge the JCN in any republication or reproduction of their work.
  • Authors to republish their work for educational purposes, for example, on an online course site or for use in a classroom setting.
  • The reproduction of copies of the article for personal use.

The Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics charges copyright permission fees for the following:

  • Republication of material published in this journal in any venue by parties who are not the authors of the material.
  • Photocopying of multiple copies of an article by a party other than the author.

Please contact the JCN for permission and information about fees or if your question about copyright permission has not been answered.

Center for Cognition and Neuroethics